It was announced that India had surpassed Thailand as the world’s top rice exporter in a report released by the Thai Rice Exporters Association in Bangkok. In 2015, India exported 10.23 million tonnes of rice, compared to Thailand’s 9.8 million tonnes, according to reports. China continues to be the world’s leading rice importer.
Facts about rice that should be noted include:
- Oryza sativa indica and Oryza sativa japonica are the two most widely grown rice varieties globally. Among these varieties are wild rice, part of a group known as the Oryza sativa complex.
- It’s natural grass, and the seed is the only part you can eat. The outermost layer of the dehulled rice grain is called the pericarp, and such rice is known as brown rice. During milling and polishing, it is removed.
- Carbohydrate (Starch) is the primary energy source, while protein and lipids are scarce. Thiamine and vitamin B1 are particularly abundant in brown rice.
- There are numerous uses for rice husk, including as animal feed, papermaking, and as a source of fuel.
- Animal and poultry feed can be prepared using rice bran, while the protein-rich defatted bran can also be used to make biscuits and cattle feed.
- The soap industry makes use of rice bran oil. Many industries use the wax produced as a byproduct of rice bran oil.
The following is a list of some of the world's largest exporters of agricultural commodities:
Most of the country’s exports comprise electrical machinery and data processing equipment.
US exports include capital goods, industrial materials, consumer goods, automobiles, machinery, food and beverage products, and the components of aircraft and their parts.
Germany exported 1.38 trillion USD worth of goods in 2013 and imported 1.15 trillion USD worth of goods. Top German exports include automobiles, parts for vehicles, packaged medicines, aircraft, helicopters, spacecraft, and petroleum gas.
Japan Refined petroleum, automobile parts, Integrated Circuits, and Industrial Printers led the way for the world’s fourth-largest export economy.